## Is 30 a prime number?

It is possible to find out using mathematical methods whether a given integer is a prime number or not.

For 30, the answer is: No, 30 is not a prime number.

The list of all positive divisors (i.e., the list of all integers that divide 30) is as follows: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 10, 15, 30.

To be 30 a prime number, it would have been required that 30 has only two divisors, i.e., itself and 1.

As a consequence:

- 30 is a multiple of 1
- 30 is a multiple of 2
- 30 is a multiple of 3
- 30 is a multiple of 5
- 30 is a multiple of 6
- 30 is a multiple of 10
- 30 is a multiple of 15

To be 30 a prime number, it would have been required that 30 has only two divisors, i.e., itself and 1.

## Is 30 a deficient number?

No, 30 is not a deficient number: to be deficient, 30 should have been such that 30 is larger than the sum of its proper divisors, i.e., the divisors of 30 without 30 itself (that is 1 + 2 + 3 + 5 + 6 + 10 + 15 = 42).

In fact, 30 is an abundant number; 30 is strictly smaller than the sum of its proper divisors (that is 1 + 2 + 3 + 5 + 6 + 10 + 15 = 42). The smallest abundant number is 12.

## Parity of 30

30 is an even number, because it is evenly divisible by 2: 30 / 2 = 15.

## Is 30 a perfect square number?

A number is a perfect square (or a square number) if its square root is an integer; that is to say, it is the product of an integer with itself. Here, the square root of 30 is about 5.477.

Thus, the square root of 30 is not an integer, and therefore 30 is not a square number.

## What is the square number of 30?

The square of a number (here 30) is the result of the product of this number (30) by itself (i.e., 30 × 30); the square of 30 is sometimes called "raising 30 to the power 2", or "30 squared".

The square of 30 is 900 because 30 × 30 = 30^{2} = 900.

As a consequence, 30 is the square root of 900.

## Number of digits of 30

30 is a number with 2 digits.

## What are the multiples of 30?

The multiples of 30 are all integers evenly divisible by 30, that is all numbers such that the remainder of the division by 30 is zero. There are infinitely many multiples of 30. The smallest multiples of 30 are:

- 0: indeed, 0 is divisible by any natural number, and it is thus a multiple of 30 too, since 0 × 30 = 0
- 30: indeed, 30 is a multiple of itself, since 30 is evenly divisible by 30 (we have 30 / 30 = 1, so the remainder of this division is indeed zero)
- 60: indeed, 60 = 30 × 2
- 90: indeed, 90 = 30 × 3
- 120: indeed, 120 = 30 × 4
- 150: indeed, 150 = 30 × 5
- etc.

## How to determine whether an integer is a prime number?

To determine the primality of a number, several algorithms can be used. The most naive technique is to test all divisors strictly smaller to the number of which we want to determine the primality (here 30). First, we can eliminate all even numbers greater than 2 (and hence 4, 6, 8…). Then, we can stop this check when we reach the square root of the number of which we want to determine the primality (here the square root is about 5.477). Historically, the sieve of Eratosthenes (dating from the Greek mathematics) implements this technique in a relatively efficient manner.

More modern techniques include the sieve of Atkin, probabilistic algorithms, and the cyclotomic AKS test.