Is 523 a prime number? What are the divisors of 523?

## Parity of 523

523 is an odd number, because it is not evenly divisible by 2.

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## Is 523 a perfect square number?

A number is a perfect square (or a square number) if its square root is an integer; that is to say, it is the product of an integer with itself. Here, the square root of 523 is about 22.869.

Thus, the square root of 523 is not an integer, and therefore 523 is not a square number.

Anyway, 523 is a prime number, and a prime number cannot be a perfect square.

## What is the square number of 523?

The square of a number (here 523) is the result of the product of this number (523) by itself (i.e., 523 × 523); the square of 523 is sometimes called "raising 523 to the power 2", or "523 squared".

The square of 523 is 273 529 because 523 × 523 = 5232 = 273 529.

As a consequence, 523 is the square root of 273 529.

## Number of digits of 523

523 is a number with 3 digits.

## What are the multiples of 523?

The multiples of 523 are all integers evenly divisible by 523, that is all numbers such that the remainder of the division by 523 is zero. There are infinitely many multiples of 523. The smallest multiples of 523 are:

## How to determine whether an integer is a prime number?

To determine the primality of a number, several algorithms can be used. The most naive technique is to test all divisors strictly smaller to the number of which we want to determine the primality (here 523). First, we can eliminate all even numbers greater than 2 (and hence 4, 6, 8…). Then, we can stop this check when we reach the square root of the number of which we want to determine the primality (here the square root is about 22.869). Historically, the sieve of Eratosthenes (dating from the Greek mathematics) implements this technique in a relatively efficient manner.

More modern techniques include the sieve of Atkin, probabilistic algorithms, and the cyclotomic AKS test.

## Numbers near 523

• Preceding numbers: …521, 522
• Following numbers: 524, 525

### Nearest numbers from 523

• Preceding prime number: 521
• Following prime number: 541
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